9月1日,2020年

在埃塞俄比亚,新的领导有拥抱运输解决方案来抵抗气候变化

Covid-19大流行已经在亚的斯亚贝巴走路和骑自行车的首选运输方式。由于票价增加和可用性和乘客需求之间的不匹配增加,公共交通将变得更加不可靠,因此通过当前的社会偏差要求加强了可用性和乘客需求之间的不匹配。运输部正在将公共交通系统融入步行和骑自行车基础设施,以提高未来的恢复力。本有部于9月,该部推出了一个安全的骑自行车计划,通过重新设计街道促进道路安全,并倡导需要对骑自行车和行走的范式转变为所有人的高效,有弹性和可靠的运输方式。对Covid-19采取的举措正在通过以前的NMT策略提出。

在埃塞俄比亚的亚的斯亚贝巴,一半的日常旅行中的一半是徒步的。这个快速增长的城市,拥有超过300万人,预计未来十年内的预期超过500万,直到最近遵循了熟悉的运输增长轨迹:建立更多的汽车空间,以损害所有其他模式。幸运的是,在这个人口繁荣之后,亚的斯亚贝巴政府招募了另一种战略,一个策略优先考虑行人空间和基础设施,以支持他们的整个人口的需求。

该市有优先考虑的汽车,设计了大部分道路,而不是徒步的人口,而是为了私人车辆旅行的相对富裕的少数民族,而且为少数民族人士提供比较富裕的少数民族。凭借ITDP的指导和咨询,亚的斯亚贝巴运输局(AATB)已制定了一个十年的非客通运输(NMT)战略,以解决和应对这一挑战。幸运的是,政府取决于挑战。Much of Ethiopia’s progress is due to the young, forward-thinking government elected to power in 2015, and the leadership of Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed since 2018. Ahmed has empowered young civil servants to advance progressive ideas and has himself become a global leader, winning the 2019 Nobel Peace Prize for his work toward reconciliation with neighboring Eritrea. “This government is open to transformational change in a way that is rare anywhere in the world, particularly East Africa,” says Chris Kost, ITDP Africa Regional Director. “They understand that new approaches to transport planning are necessary to provide access for everyone as the city grows, and they have been enthusiastic partners with ITDP in working to build a more equitable city.”

雄心勃勃的纽姆斯策略采用整体探讨道路设计,专注于完整的街道,为骑自行车,行走和其他运输方式提供专用空间。该市致力于建立600公里的人行道,200公里的骑自行车基础设施,以及一个拥有10,000名骑自行车的Bikeshare系统,其他目标。迄今为止,该市已建造或重建了26公里处于精心设计的行人走道,并建立了汽车自由日的举措,其中2019年有12岁。Kost说,“汽车自由日,这只是涉及拆除汽车一段时间从大街的时间,真的可以成为改变的强大的煽动者。Suddenly, people can imagine all the ways they could use public spaces, such as playing, exercising, art, socializing, that would be available to them if we didn’t give away so much of our city spaces to moving and storing private cars.”

埃塞俄比亚政府的主要目标之一是将该国移到一个完全竞争的经济。It has implemented a green economic plan with an ambitious goal: to be carbon neutral by 2025. “Ethiopia’s leaders understand that their country, which is quickly losing its vast forests, will be on the frontline of the impacts of extreme weather brought on by climate change,” says Kost, “and that means that the route to economic security must include green policies.” One of the more dramatic actions was the planting of 350 million trees in one day all over the country. This initiative set a world record for the largest number of trees planted in a day and sent a clear message to Ethiopia’s citizens and the region that they are serious about their green agenda.

随着气候变化,带来了无休止的速度的破坏性影响,亚的斯亚贝巴和埃塞俄比亚采取了智能方法,专注于公平,可持续的交通。w88优德手机百度政府的授权阶级的雄心勃勃的年轻人正在驾驶政策,并将其国家和地区搬家。由于气候变化,在一个经历这么多的国家,这一战略提供了一条道路,即世界各地的许多政府会做得很好。

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